Installing OMV6 on a Raspberry PI

Installing OMV6 on Raspberry PI OS Lite, using a scripted install, is a relatively easy task. This document is a guide for that process.

The purpose and intent of this guide is to provide a walk-through to get Raspberry Pi users (hereafter referred to as an “R-PI”) up and running as quickly and as easily as possible. This guide assumes that users have a working Windows Client for installing and executing the needed utilities. It is also assumed that Mac and Linux desktop users will be able to find, install, and use utilities equivalent to those called out in Prerequisites.

  • This is a community document and a work in progress. Input and feedback are welcome and can be sent to:

OMV6 will install on R-PI models 2B and higher. However, in practical terms, the performance of the model 2B is marginal.

  • Desktop versions of Raspberry PI OS are NOT supported. (Use the Raspberry PI OSlite version only.)
  • Legacy Raspberry PI's

R-PI models earlier than the 2B and the R-PI Zero have not been tested and are not supported. They are far too slow to run a NAS application. Please do not post on OMV's forum, expecting support for these models.

This installation process requires a wired Ethernet connection and Internet access. Typically, all that is needed to begin the installation is an Ethernet cable, a power supply sufficient for the R-PI model being used, and one SD-card (two are preferred for backup).

To get started, a few utilities are needed to check the SD-card and install the Raspberry PI OS image.

  • Raspberry PI OS images are installed using the Raspberry PI OS imager. Download the appropriate imager → here. (Imager downloads are at the bottom of the page.) The Raspberry PI OS imager is installable on a Windows client.
  • SDformatter is a utility for formatting SD-cards, that does a trim operation on flash media to clear remnants of old deleted files. SDformatter is installable on a Windows client.
  • Users will need a utility like 7-Zip to decompress zip archives like the SD-card test program below. 7-Zip is installable on a Windows client.
  • h2testw_1.4 is a flash media test program. With a freshly formatted SD-card or USB thumbdrive, it writes files with known content and verifies the content in a read operation, detecting errors in the process. h2testw_1.4 downloads as a zip file. By right clicking on the zip file and using “Extract All”, 7-Zip will expand the zip file to a folder named h2testw_1.4 The executable inside this folder is a portable application. Run the executable.
  • PuTTY is an SSH client that will allow users to connect to their SBC, from a Windows client, and get on the command line. PuTTY is installable on a Windows client.
  • While 8GB is the minimum and will work fine, a 16GB SD-card will provide longer life in the role of a boot drive. Users are encouraged to get two SD-cards. One is for the installation and a second card for backing up the OS installation, when configuration is complete.

For the best experience, use only high quality new SD-cards, such as Samsung or SanDisk, that are rated A1 Class 10 or better.

Due to the rise in counterfeit media and media that reports a fake size, it’s recommended that all USB thumb-drives, new or used, be formatted with SDFormatter and tested with h2testw1.4 before using them.

When an SD-card is inserted and recognized, Windows may offer to format the card more than once. Cancel all of these attempts.

Using SDFormatter, do a clean Format:

In most cases, SDFormatter will detect the SD-card or thumb-drive. A volume label is not necessary, at this point, and the default options are fine.

Note that SDFormatter does a "trim" operation on the card which cleans up remnants of previously existing or deleted files.

After the SD-card format is completed, open h2testw and select your language.
Then, click on Select target.

Under Computer, select the flash media previously formatted.

Select Write+Verify. (Do not check the endless verify box).

A dialog similar to the following may pop up, mentioning a 1MB difference. Ignore it and click on OK.

Without errors” is the desired outcome.
If the media tests with errors or is much smaller than is indicated by the SD-card's labeled size, don't use it.

After H2testw verifies the SD-card; do one more clean format, using SDFormatter, before flashing the card.

All supported models of Raspberry PI will run the 32bit lite image of Raspberry PI OS. However, when using the 32bit image, model 4's with 8Gb of ram would be limited to using 4Gb of ram for a “single process”. This is not to say that the extra 4Gb of ram is wasted. The additional 4Gb would be distributed among additional processes.
However, the 64bit lite version will allow more than 4Gb per process and, in many instances, performance is better / faster.

In any case, users with Raspberry PI models 3 or higher will be well served with 64bit lite version.
Users of Raspberry PI model 2B users should use the 32bit lite image.

The Raspberry PI Imager is a convenient “all in one” utility for burning Raspberry PI OS onto an SD-card. In the options allowed by the imager, the appropriate image for OMV is selected, the image is downloaded, it's burnt to the SC-card and the image is verified in one step.

As previously noted, the imager installs as a standard Windows program.

Under Operating System, click on "Choose OS".
Then select Raspberry PI OS (other).

From the additional choices provided:

• Users of Raspberry PI model 3 and higher should scroll down and select Raspberry PI OS (Legacy, 64bit) Lite, "Bullseye"

• Raspberry PI model 2B users should select Raspberry PI OS (Legacy, 32bit) Lite, "Bullseye".

- Do not select "Full" versions of Raspberry PI OS. Desktop versions are not compatible with Openmediavault.
- The installation of OMV6 requires Bullseye based versions of Raspberry PI OS. Do not select "Bookworm" versions of Raspberry PI OS.

Under Storage, click on Choose Storage.
(Typically an SD-card will be recognized, by the imager, automatically.)

Click on the Gear ICON (Advanced Options)
In the popup dialog, set options as follows:

Enable SSH (check the box)
This selection will automatically set "Use Password Authentication".

Scroll Down
Set Username and password will be checked, due to enabling SSH. pi is the default entry. This user will be the administrative user for command line operations. The administrative username can be changed to the users preference but, for the purposes of this document, the default username pi will be assumed.

If the username is changed it CAN NOT be admin. admin is reserved for the OMV installation.

Set Username and Password
Set the password. (It would be better to write the password down, than to forget it)
Configure wireless LAN.
Do Not configure wireless LAN settings. During the OMV installation, OMV will overwrite any wireless LAN settings created here.

The remainder of the settings, in this dialog, are optional.

Click on Save and then click on the WRITE button.

At the completion of the burn and verify process, Windows may prompt with “format disk” and “unrecognized file system” warnings. Ignore these warnings.

*At this point, a wired Ethernet connection is required to connect to the R-PI with PuTTY and to install OMV in a later process.*

  • Insure the R-PI is connect to wired Ethernet.
  • Insert the SD-card with the Raspberry PI OS image into the R-PI and apply power.
  • Wait 3 to 5 minutes.

The IP address to use for logging into the console is available from your DHCP server. In most cases, your DHCP server will be running on your LAN's router. Log into your router and look for the IP address associated with your R-PI.

(The following is an example.)

With the IP address noted, proceed to First Time Login.


If there's a problem with obtaining a DHCP assigned IP address:

  • In the event that an IP address is not issued to your SBC, check the wired Ethernet connection and reboot the device. This may mean unplugging and plugging the power supply back in. Allow time for boot up (5 minutes or so) and check the DHCP server again.
  • If an address is not issued, or if the user doesn't know how to find the Raspberry Pi's IP address on their DHCP server, connect a monitor and a USB keyboard to watch the boot process until it completes. If the IP address is not displayed at the end of the boot cycle, login with the user pi using the password raspberry.
  • In rare instances, it may be necessary to reboot the LAN's router, followed by rebooting the Raspberry PI.

Once logged in, type ip add on the command line. Note the IP address of the Ethernet interface, in the output, and proceed to First Time Login.

To be able to utilize Copy + Paste: Working with the R-PI using SSH, as detailed in First Time Login, is highly recommended.

Open PuTTY and type in the IP address as previously found.

A PuTTY Security Alert will pop up in a first time connection.
This is normal. Ignore it and select Yes.

When the SSH window opens:
Login as: pi (Assumes that the default username was used.)
Use the password entered in the imager.

Before installing OMV, update and upgrade Raspberry PI OS using the following commands, executed one at at time:

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get upgrade -y

The following command applies to R-PI 3 models only, but there's no penalty if it runs on other models.

sudo rm -f /etc/systemd/network/

When the above commands above are complete, type;

sudo reboot

PuTTY will disconnect – this is expected. Wait 3 to 5 minutes and reopen a new PuTTY SSH window and log in again.


In the event that the SSH client does not respond to the IP address used during the Raspberry PI OS installation or the first boot, look at your DHCP server to see if a “new” IP address has been assigned.

In rare cases, the LAN's router / DHCP server may need a reboot.

Installing OMV on Raspberry's is very easy, thanks to Arron Murray (ryecoaaron on the OMV Forum) for providing a comprehensive installation script that's executed from a single line.

Copy the following line complete (Ctrl+C) and paste it into PuTTY's SSH window, with a right mouse click. Then hit Enter.

wget -O - | sudo bash

Once the script is running, click out of the SSH window so the script will not be interrupted.
Do Not close PuTTY – that will terminate the root session. Minimizing PuTTY is OK, but it must be running.

Depending on several factors, running this script may take up to 30 minutes.

When the script is complete, the R-PI will automatically reboot.

After 3 to 5 minutes, OMV can be logged in using the same IP address that was used for the SSH client, entered in a web browser address bar. The web GUI user is admin and the default password is openmediavault

Note - after the completion of the script:

In the event that the OMV console or SSH client does not respond to the IP address used during the installation, recheck your DHCP server to see if a “new” IP address has been assigned.

(Typically, consumer router DHCP leases last at least 24 hours. In cases where DHCP leases are very short - as it is with some versions of DD-WRT router firmware [10 minutes] - the lease issued to the SBC may time out at the end of the installation. A different address may be issued on reboot.)

First it should be noted that using a wireless interface, with a server, is not the best idea. To prevent a number of issues such as interference, bandwidth contention issues with clients, etc., a server should be connected to the wired LAN ports of a router or a network switch. However it is understood that, in some cases, wired connections may not be an option.

If your R-PI is equipped with a wireless interface, by default, OMV will not show it in the GUI but it can be added.

  • An existing interface can be added as noted in the following.
  • After plugging it in, a compatible add-on USB wireless interface can be added in the same manner.

Under Network, in the Interfaces tab, click on the + Add button. From the pop up, select Wi-Fi.

In the Create window, select the drop down arrow next to the Device field.
The on-board or add-on wireless interface will be the only interface in the list. Select it.

In the SSID field, enter the SSID for the wireless network.
In the Password field, enter the WiFi encryption password.
Under IPv4, in the Method field, click on the drop down arrow and select DHCP.

Scroll down and click, Save and Apply the changes with the yellow banner.

At this point, the wireless interface will appear under Network, in the Interfaces window. Further configuration can be done, as needed, by clicking on the interface line and the edit button (pencil).

We, who support the openmediavault project, hope that you’ll find your openmediavault server to be enjoyable, efficient, and easy to use.

If you found this guide to be helpful, please consider a modest donation to support the hosting costs of this server (OMV-Extras) and the project (Openmediavault).

Venmo: ryecoaaron

  • omv6/raspberry_pi_install.txt
  • Last modified: 2024/03/01 21:17
  • by crashtest